> Obviously you have not yet read the latest in science:
> https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/08/quantumparadoxpointsshakyfoundationsreality
> https://www.sciencealert.com/anewquantumparadoxthrowsthefoundationsofobservedrealityintoquestion
AG says:
<<I'll stick with Einstein on this one.
Interesting articles but overinterpreted by the press as usual. Quantum
mechanics is weird enough w/o overinterpretation. The "measurement problem" in
QM really hasn't been resolved. Wave fxn's collapse when measured and
wave/particle duality of particles do as wellsee the recent incarnation of
that effect from the Weitzman Institute:
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/02/980227055013.htm
So the more efficient the detector of electrons the less interference pattern
there is and the more the electrons behave as particles. Don't watchwave;
watch particle.
This new experiment interpreted as no objective reality exists is like a fancy
Wigner's friend paradox. It really just confirms Bell's inequality and c/w
known QM. The "measurers" are really photons assessing polarization and not a
macroscopic device controlled by consciousness. To call them Bob and Alice is
misleading. What I really want to know is why such experiments are always run
by Bob and Alice and not Poindexter and Cassandra?
I'll go with Sean Carroll at Cal Tech. see below:
"Reality Remains Intact
by Sean Carroll
Of course there is not a new experiment that suggests there’s no such thing as
objective reality. That would be silly. (What would we be experimenting on?)
There is a long tradition in science journalism—and one must admit that the
scientists themselves are fully culpable in keeping the tradition alive—of
reporting on experiments that (1) verify exactly the predictions of quantum
mechanics as they have been understood for decades, and (2) are nevertheless
used to claim that a wholesale reimagining of our view of reality is called
for. This weird situation comes about because neither journalists nor
professional physicists have been taught, nor have they thought deeply about,
the foundations of quantum mechanics. We therefore get situations like the
present one, where an intrinsically interesting and impressive example of
experimental virtuosity is saddled with a woefully misleading sales pitch.
My own preferred version of quantum mechanics is the Everett, or ManyWorlds
formulation. It is a thoroughly realist theory, and is completely compatible
with the experimental results obtained here. Thus, we have a proof by
construction that this result cannot possibly imply that there is no objective
reality. I am fairly confident that other realist approaches—hiddenvariables
models such as Bohmian mechanics, or dynamicalcollapse models such as GRW
theory—can offer equally satisfactory ways of interpreting this result without
sacrificing objective reality, but I’m not confident in my ability to give such
an account myself, so I’ll stick to the Everettian story.
ManyWorlds is a simple theory: there are wave functions, and they evolve
smoothly according to the Schrödinger equation. Wave functions generally
describe superpositions of what we think of as possible measurement outcomes,
such as “horizontal” or “vertical” polarizations of a photon. The traditional
“collapse of the wave function,” where an observer sees a unique measurement
outcome, is replaced by decoherence and branching. That is, once a quantum
superposition becomes entangled with a macroscopic system, that entanglement
spreads to the environment (effectively irreversibly). If the measurement
apparatus included a physical pointer indicating different possible results,
that pointer cannot help but interact differently with the photons suffusing
the room it’s in, depending on where it’s pointing. The pointer is now
entangled with its environment.
That’s decoherence, and it implies that the two parts of the superposition now
describe separate, noninteracting worlds, each of which includes observers who
see some definite measurement outcome. The separate worlds aren’t put in by
hand; they were always there in the space of all possible wave functions, and
Schrödinger’s equation naturally brings them to life. If you believe a photon
can be in a superposition, it’s not much of a conceptual leap to believe that
the universe can be.
The experiment under question here is a version of Wigner’s Friend. The idea is
to illustrate the possibility that observers in a quantum world can obtain
measurement results, or “facts,” that are seemingly inconsistent with each
other. One person, the “friend,” observes the polarization of a photon and
obtains a result. But from the perspective of Wigner, both the photon and the
friend appear to be in a superposition, and no measurement outcome has been
obtained. How can we reconcile the truth of both perspectives while maining a
belief in objective reality?
It’s pretty easy, from a ManyWorlds perspective. All we have to do is ask
whether the original quantum superposition became entangled with the external
environment, leading to decoherence and branching of the wave function. If it
did, there are multiple copies of both Wigner and his friend. If it did not,
it’s not really accurate to say that a measurement has taken place.
In the experiment being discussed, branching did not occur. Rather than having
an actual human friend who observes the photon polarization—which would
inevitably lead to decoherence and branching, because humans are gigantic
macroscopic objects who can’t help but interact with the environment around
them—the “observer” in this case is just a single photon. For an Everettian,
this means that there is still just one branch of the wave function all along.
The idea that “the observer sees a definite outcome” is replaced by “one photon
becomes entangled with another photon,” which is a perfectly reversible
process. Reality, which to an Everettian is isomorphic to a wave function,
remains perfectly intact.
Recent years have seen an astonishing increase in the precision and cleverness
of experiments probing heretofore unobserved quantum phenomena. These
experiments have both illustrated the counterintuitive nature of the quantum
world, and begun to blaze a trail to a new generation of quantum technologies,
from computers to cryptography. What they have not done is to call into
question the existence of an objective reality. Such a reality may or may not
exist (I think it does), but experiments that return results compatible with
the standard predictions of quantum mechanics cannot possibly overturn it."
Stay calm, objective reality remains, Mike

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